The Dust Bowl exodus was the largest migration in American history. By 1940, 2.5 million people had moved out of the Plains states; of those, 200,000 moved to California. When they reached the border, they did not receive a warm welcome as described in this 1935 excerpt from Collier’s magazine.
What happened to most Okies in California?
Living conditions in California during the Great Depression
Once the Okie families migrated from Oklahoma to California, they often were forced to work on large farms to support their families.
How were Okies treated in California?
Predominantly upland southerners, the half-million Okies met new hardships in California, where they were unwelcome aliens, forced to live in squatter camps and to compete for scarce jobs as agricultural migrant laborers.
What happened to the migrant workers in the 1930s?
The Great Depression and the Dust Bowl (a period of drought that destroyed millions of acres of farmland) forced white farmers to sell their farms and become migrant workers who traveled from farm to farm to pick fruit and other crops at starvation wages. Learn more about issues affecting farm workers today. …
What impact did the Okies have on California?
Although Oklahomans left for other states, they made the greatest impact on California and Arizona, where the term “Okie” denoted any poverty-stricken migrant from the Southwest (Arkansas, Missouri, Oklahoma, and Texas). From 1935 to 1940 California received more than 250,000 migrants from the Southwest.
How did Californians feel about Dust Bowl migrants?
And even though they were American-born, the Dust Bowl migrants still were viewed as intruders by many in California, who saw them as competing with longtime residents for work, which was hard to come by during the Great Depression. Others considered them parasites who would depend on government relief.
What is Roosevelt’s New Deal?
The New Deal was a series of programs, public work projects, financial reforms, and regulations enacted by President Franklin D. … The New Deal included new constraints and safeguards on the banking industry and efforts to re-inflate the economy after prices had fallen sharply.
Why did people move to California during Dust Bowl?
Migration Out of the Plains during the Depression. During the Dust Bowl years, the weather destroyed nearly all the crops farmers tried to grow on the Great Plains. … Many once-proud farmers packed up their families and moved to California hoping to find work as day laborers on huge farms.
Where would a migrant workers sleep during the Dust Bowl?
The fact remained that there was simply not enough work for the approximately 2.5 million people that migrated from the Dust Bowl region during this time period. Many people lived in squalor – in roadside encampments and migrant campsites in tents and in the backs of cars or trucks.
How did the Plains recover from the Dust Bowl?
The land still failed to yield a decent living. In the fall of 1939, after nearly a decade of dirt and dust, the drought ended when regular rainfall finally returned to the region. The government still encouraged continuing the use of conservation methods to protect the soil and ecology of the Plains.
How many migrant workers were there in California in the 1930s?
During the 1930s, more than 2.5 million people migrated to California. Most of those who migrated were from Great Plains states, including Oklahoma, Arkansas, Missouri and Texas. The migrants left their homes due to a mix of ecological and environmental issues.
Why was California not the promised land of migrants dream?
California was emphatically not the promised land of the migrants’ dreams. Although the weather was comparatively balmy and farmers’ fields were bountiful with produce, Californians also felt the effects of the Depression. … Arrival in California did not put an end to the migrants’ travels.
What drew migrants to California in the 1930s?
Terms in this set (10)
Which best describes what drew migrants to California in the 1930s? The promise of fruit picking jobs. What did Herbert Hoover do to help Americans survive the Depression?
Which of the following statements does not explain why many Dust Bowl migrants to California found the move an unsuccessful venture?
Which of the following statements does not explain why many Dust Bowl migrants to California found the move an unsuccessful venture? … California’s economy had been damaged by the Great Depression, causing lower wages and fewer employment opportunities.
How were farmers affected in the Dust Bowl?
The drought, winds and dust clouds of the Dust Bowl killed important crops (like wheat), caused ecological harm, and resulted in and exasperated poverty. Prices for crops plummeted below subsistence levels, causing a widespread exodus of farmers and their families out the affected regions.
What happened to Okies?
So-called “Okies” and “Arkies,” sporting once-insulting nicknames that Okies later reclaimed as their own, fled the natural and man-made ecological disasters that swept through Oklahoma, Texas, Arkansas and Missouri during the farm crisis of the 1920s and the Great Depression that followed.