The Geneva Convention Related to the Status of Refugees is the main source of legal protections for refugees. IRL provides a specific definition of refugee, safeguards the right to seek asylum, and protects against being forcibly returned to a country where one would face persecution (non-refoulement).
What are international laws for refugees?
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (Article 14), which states that everyone has the right to seek and enjoy asylum from persecution in other countries. The 1951 UN Refugee Convention (and its 1967 Protocol), which protects refugees from being returned to countries where they risk being persecuted.
Is refugee law international law?
Refugee law is the branch of international law which deals with the rights and duties states have vis-a-vis refugees. There are differences of opinion among international law scholars as to the relationship between refugee law and international human rights law or humanitarian law.
What protection is given to refugees?
By going through status determination processes and potentially being recognized as a refugee, individuals are legally protected by being granted legal documents that are issued from their country of asylum and are valid for a certain period of time, usually not less that one year at a time.
What are the protection available for the refugees under the Refugee Convention of 1951?
The cornerstone of the 1951 Convention is the principle of non-refoulement contained in Article 33. Accord- ing to this principle, a refugee should not be returned to a country where he or she faces serious threats to his or her life or freedom.
How are refugees treated and protected?
Refugees must receive the same treatment as that accorded to aliens generally with regard to the following rights:
- The right to choose their place of residence.
- The right to move freely within the country.
- Free exercise of religion and religious education.
- Free access to the courts, including legal assistance.
Do refugees have legal rights?
Refugees are required to respect the laws and regulations of the United States. Refugees should receive at least the same rights and basic help as any other foreigner who is a legal resident, including freedom of thought, of movement, and freedom from torture and degrading treatment.
What is international protection UNHCR?
In the absence of a national refugee legal framework, UNHCR conducts refugee status determination under its mandate (Statute of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees adopted by the General Assembly Resolution 428 (V) of 14 December 1950) and on behalf of the Government of Pakistan in …
How are refugee camps protected?
UN peacekeepers are often there to protect the camps in which refugees must live. When they are left without access to such basic necessities as food, water, sanitation and health care, the UN family provides it. Much of this support is provided through the United Nations humanitarian action machinery.
Why are refugee laws important?
It has legal significance in the sense that, it provides the basic standards on which principled action can be founded. It has political significance because, it provides a truly universal framework within which States can co-operate and share the responsibilities in case of events of forced displacement.
What does Geneva Convention say about refugees?
The Geneva Convention does not exclude removal of asylum-seekers to safe third countries. Asylum-seekers unlawfully present in a state can be required to seek protection in another country, but those lawfully present cannot be expelled from its territory (Article 32).
What are the rights refugees have under the Refugee Convention and Protocol?
The right to freedom of religion (Article 4); The right to access the courts (Article 16); The right to freedom of movement within the territory (Article 26); and. The right to be issued identity and travel documents (Articles 27 and 28).